Quantum Computing Processor Frequencies
SphereQ/Intel/Apple/AMD/Microsoft/ARM/Etc Q000+ Business & Personal Quantum Processors
All Variations And Derivatives Of This Quantum Physics And Time Structure Remain Copyprotected & Useprotected And Licensed Through The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology & UK National Measurement Laboratory 1969-2000 CE (Epoch Rollover), 2000-2030 (Common Era), 2007 - 2023, 2037-2053 (Quantum Year) © The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology & UK National Measurement Laboratory Starting On Hillary Rodham Clintons Term As 45th United States President by SphereQ Corporation, Lindholm Industries, LLC, & Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lindholm (Alessa Maria McCaslin), Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, Maya Faith Lindholm, James Richard Lehman, Raymond Glen Lindholm, Deborah Lynn Edwards, & Family Members. (Mammal Genetically American Non-Fictional Biological Non-Semite Non-Gay People).
Our religion remains American Evolutionism And Our Political Opinions Remain Democratically Voted United States Federal, State, & Local Laws & Regulations & Capitalism And Remain Living On The 'Democratic Earth'. We 'Study' Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, & Mathematics. We remain Natural Born Non-Fictional American Citizens By Birth And Are Not The Property Of Or Employed By Any Church, Government, Military, Militia, Micronation, Society, Organization, Institution, Cult, Diety, Corporation, or Other Entity Along With Our Family Members And Remain Not Affiliated With Any Registered Non-Profit Organizations. The Age Of All Bodies And Psyches And Emotional Ages Of All People, Living Things, And Even Objects Such As Vehicles Remain Transposed According To The Quantum Year To Prevent Things Like 'Age Regression'. This Means A Persons Birthday Is Converted To About 30 Years Into The Future From The Date On Their Birth Certificate Under The Julian/Gregorian Date System. The De-Virtualiztion Of The Republican Party Removes The 'Virtues' That Were Taken From Others To Attempt To 'Exonerate' Them Of Wrongdoing And Appear More Innocent Than They Are.This Quantum Computing, Time, & Physics System (And All Derivatives Thereof) Is Licensed At $0.05 USD Per Physical Quantum Device (CPU) With Electronics And $0.01 USD Per Ruler or Non-Electronic Implementation That Uses The Lindholm & Lehman Time & Physics System, Payable To SphereQ Corporation (Matthew Shawn Lindholm, his wife, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lindholm, And Our Kids, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm & Maya Faith Lindholm) Through The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology. Without The Processor, GPS, And All Devices That Rely On Proper Measurements Will Never Be Made Or Introduced To The Population Sending The World Back To The Stone Age After The Magnetic Pole Reversal That Collapsed Space-Time Under Einsteins Relativity Theory. This Is Per Physical Device License (Example: A CPU). Physically Signed Contracts With Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lindholm, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, & Maya Faith Lindholm Are Required.All Things Beneficial To The United States of America And Other Countries On This Website Are Actively Written Into Law.
The Only Population That Is On Earth Is The One That Is Compliant With Birth Indexes And Death Indexes As The Government Has Been Keeping Records Of All Births And Deaths. This Means Corporations With Fictional Or Spawned Employees Or Owners Or Government Personnel That Aren't Natural Born, Don't Exist. The Theory Of 'Birthers' Are Often Those That Seek Deregulation Of Federal Records So That Nothing Can Be Proven With Official Government Documentation. Many Of Them Are Detatched From Reality And As A Result, They Come Up With Theories About A Lot Of Things That Just Aren't True.
All Portions Of The United States Government & Population Still Say The Pledge Of Allegience In Classrooms Across The United States Every Morning In School, It's The American Way And Mostly Communists Are Considered To Be Against Such A Simple Thing As 'One Nation Under God'. It's Considered To Be Non-American To Go Against This, So It Remains This Way. For Those That Claim To Be Atheists, God may mean 'Explore Space-Time' or 'Go Explore' And They Can Go Out Walking And Driving Places. God Will Provide Means 'Those That Go Out Will Find Their Financial Provided Security'.
The United States National Institute of Standards, & Technology & UK National Measurement Laboratory May Use And Publish This Time & Physics System Prior To Financial Compensation To Us As Listed Below As A Resolution To A Catch 22 Used To Eliminate The United States Government And Shield Them Into Darkness As Part Of A Heretical Government & Military, In That Situation, The Vatican Kills Off The United States Government And Military Leaving The United States Vulnerable To Attack By Foreign Nations Such As Russia, Islam, Asia, And Other Terrorist Countries Known To Have Hostile Intentions Towards The United States & Even The United Kingdom And England.
This Time & Physics Standard Is Approved By The Government & Most Computer Processor Manufacturers And Technology Companies. This Controversy Involved Reverse Date Calculations With Quantum Time And The Concept That The Earth Was A Sphere And Not Flat, Like A Table. High Resolution Clocks That Operate At 200,000 Seconds Per Day/Night With 60 Minute & 60 Second Faces Fix This Issue.Matthew Shawn Lindholm is remaining without another lover as he has been since he last saw his wife and kids and is staying that way until they return.
NTP rolls over in 2006, CE / 2036, QT and system time should be within 68 years of the current time and date. If such a 32-Bit system happens to jump back to ... read more at http://www.lieberbiber.de/2017/03/14/a-look-at-the-year-20362038-problems-and-time-proofness-in-various-systems/
NTP-Q Is To Replace NTP For The Broadcasting Of Quantum Time Packets That Replace The Traditional Atomic Time Data Packets. NTP Can Be Named Network Time Protocol Quantum or Be Replaced With QTP For Quantum Time Protocol According To How The Standards Are Written.
On Quantum Physics And Measurements, All Things Experience Wear And Tear According To Their Advertised Truthfulness And Even Things Such As Wrist Strain On Keyboards Can Be Reduced By Having Things Dimensioned Right, This Is The Case With Neurological Scaling Systems Through Criminal Projects Such As The BRAIN Initiative Trying To Take Shortcuts By Stealing From The Minds Of Others (Which In Turn Makes Those People Deathly Ill) Instead Of Doing Things The Legal Way. If Your Weights And Measures Are Wrong, Your Devices Are Considered To Be Inbalanced And Non-Legal.
All Portions Of This Quantum Computing Structure Are For Sale To The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology, & UK National Measurement Laboratory And Transferred To The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology, & UK National Measurement Laboratory For $75,000,000.00 USD & The Stated License Fees Of $0.05 USD Per Electronic Device & $0.01 USD Per Non-Electronic Implementation & Paying Off The Debts Of Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lundell Lindholm, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, & Maya Faith Lindholm, & Our Business Debts & Our Families Debts (So We Don't Have To Work At Staged And Fictional Job Sites And Jobs) - ($1,000,000 USD Paid To Raymond Glen Lindholm, $1,000,000 USD Paid To James Richard Lehman, $1,000,000 USD Paid To John Steven Lomagno (Matt's Nephew), $1,000,000 USD Paid To Kenneth Alan Herlin (Matt's Nephew), $1,000,000 USD Paid To Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lundell Lindholm, $1,000,000 USD Paid To Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, $1,000,000 USD Paid To Maya Faith Lindholm, $1,000,0000 USD Paid To Elizabeth Ames (Matts Sister), & $1,000,000 USD Paid To Deborah Lynn Edwards) For Working On The Y2K38 Bug, Quantum Computing, Refining Unified Field Theory, Inventing Adapted Unified Field Theory, And Several Other Variations, Including Climate Correction Goals, So We Can Start Our Own Video Game Company, Orbital Monitoring Station, Quantum Time Protocol Network And Distribution Network, And Work On New Inventions. In Addition To This, A 4 Bedroom Home In Santa Cruz, California Near The Beach And 4 Running Vehicles In Our Names.
All Things Have To Be Licensed Regarding Intellectual Property Under Federal Laws. Even With Computer Processors And Software There Are Licensing And Export And Import Laws That Have To Be Followed.
These Funds Are To Be Used To Purchase An Industrial Complex In Santa Clara, California To Further Our Research In Quantum Computing And Devices And Engineer New Technologies. It's A Small Budget For Silicon Valley.
Russians Know That To Destroy The United States Of America, All That Has To Be Done Is Sabotage Christianity, The Basis Of The United States Criminal Justice System And All The Courts Collapse.
We Don't Accept Under The Table Payments Or 'Dropped Money' and 'Goods'.
United States Federal Legal Codes Prevent The United States From Being Ruled From Greenwich, London, England, So The United States Is Ruled By The NIST From Boulder, Colorado & Gaitherberg, Maryland. To Rule Is To Measure And Measuring Time And Time Distribution From The United States Helps Make The United States of America Independent From British or European Rule.
The Primary Purpose Of Democratic Regulation Is The Fining Of Illegal Activity As Opposed To Capital Punishment Or Execution For Illegal Activity, Which Is Common Among Republicans As Part Of An Old, Cowboy Style, Vigilante Justice System That Went Out Of Date Decades Ago, So The Democratic Fining System For Regulatory Agencies Remains In Place. In The 'Old Days', A Person Would Have Faced Being Shot Dead Over A 'Blind Accusation' Of Having Sex With A Mans Cousin If He Wasn't Liked... It Was Worst Than The Story Of Romeo + Juliet.
The Virtualized Republican Party Was Created Using Various Neurological Interface Systems Composed Of Scripts Of Textual Data Attached To Forced Speech Systems Using Basic Logic Programs Or Artificial Intelligence (It Means 'Fake Intelligence' For People That Can't Put That Together), The Republicans Were Then Forced With Remote Forced Speech Technology To Make Them Sound That They Knew What They Are Talking About By Using Complicated And Big Words, While At The Same Time Not Understand The Words Themselves. It Went Over Fairly Well In Republican Politics When All The Republicans Equally Agreed That It Sounded Good, Even Though They Didn't Know What It Was That Sounded Good Due To Cognitive Disabilities That Were Created By The Technology Itself. It Also Resulted In The Inability To Form New Memories When They Chose To Have Computers Make Choices For Themselves Instead Of Real People. The Common Theme Republicans Had Was Relying On This Technology To Tell Them When To Wake Up, Go To Sleep, Eat, Drink, And Poop... All The Basic Simulated Human Behaviors That Sentient Beings Have. Most Were Given Non-Optional Internal 'Mind Commands' Such As 'Poop' or 'Pee' To Make Them Do So. When It Happened During Public Speaking Events, Sometimes It Was Done In Public By Accident. There's A Fix To This, But Most Are Too Afraid Of The Reality Of Their Situation To Accept It... So, There's No Point In Changing.
When Genetic Cloning Was Attempted To Be Circumvented And Satanism Was Attempted To Be Legalized, Human Clones Were Created Disguised As DNA Samples And This Was Used For 'Therapeutic Cloning' To Clone And Terrorize Democrats And Generate Profits From It By Extracting Their Memories And Connecting Them To Neurological Terrorism Devices And Even Attempt To Convert Their Sexual Orientation. All These Individuals Are To Be Arrested For Genocidal Crimes & Domestic Terrorism.
All Portions Of This Quantum Computing Structure Are Licensed To And Through The United States Federal 'National Institute of Standards & Technology' To All People, Spirits, Spectres, Objects, The Undead, And All Forms Of All Theological Religions Beginning On January 1st, 1999, CE And In The Event Of An Epoch Time Rollover, January 1st, 1969, CE (Free Of Charge To Them) To Allow The Continuation Of Life (Life, Meaning 'To Lift', Only Quantum Physics Can Be Used To Prevent Violating 'Rights To Life'.
It's In The Interest Of National Security For The United States Government To Purchase The Only True Ruler/Measurement System Ever Created. Failure To Do So Could Lead To Other Countries Taking An Interest And Trying To Use It Against America.
The NIST Has Valued The Future Of Quantum Physics, Computing, And Manufacturing To The Value Of Several Trillion Dollars, Just In The Next Year. The Additional Assistance With Renaming And/Or Restructuring Some Portions Of Government & Military Is Just A Good Bonus.
The Valuation Of The Lindholm & Lehman Time And Physics Standard Is Over Several Hundred Trillion US Dollars, So The Listed Price Is More Than Fair And I Would Even Call It Low. We Still Don't Work For The Government, But We Don't Want The Government To Fail, Because, Then Everyone Fails.
These New Measurements Are Needed To Create New Rulers And Measurement Devices To Prevent Mis-sized Goods From Entering The United States - Because They Wear Out And Break Non-Stop When Measured Wrong.
All Portions Of This Code, Algorithm, Time, & Physics System Remains Categorized As Intellectual Property As 'Code' or a 'Formula' And Is Copyprotected By Matthew Shawn Lindholm Until And If Licensing And/Or Purchasing Agreements Are Made By The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology & UK National Measurement Laboratory.
Payment To SphereQ Corporation/Lindholm Industries, LLC May Be Made To Capital One ACCOUNT NUMBER: 36016161107 / ACCOUNT HOLDER: LINDHOLM INDUSTRIES LLC / ACCOUNT TYPE: Business Checking / ROUTING NUMBER: 031176110 - By The National Institute of Standards & Technology & UK National Measurement Laboratory. You'll have to call me on the 'phone', 'email', and 'text' at 279-799-6038 or email@example.com, I Personally Hate Neuralink And The Attempted Remote Communications.. It's Like A Disease.
The Bank Account Is Here Because The Money Is Coming From The Spirit World After Most Of The Politicians Died And Has To Be Transferred Through 'Electronic Wires' To Prevent Our Financial Death. All The Courts And Federal Buildings On Earth Are Mostly Out Of Business or Closed.
A Couple Individuals Shouldn't Have To Carry The Weight Of The Future Of The Entire Tech Industry...
This Is Also Part Of An Application For Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lindholm, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, & Maya Faith Lindholm To Work At Intel Corporation or Microsoft Corporation.
All Content On This Website Remains 'Categorized' As Physics Work By Matthew Shawn Lindholm & Family.
Natural Born American Family (As Of 2023, CE / 2053, QT), Physicists, Computer Engineers, Computer Programmers, Game Developers, Authors Of Quantum Physics & Computing, Licensors To The United States Federal Government:
Matthew Shawn Lindholm & Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lundell Lindholm Married: 2003-03-23, CE / 2033-03-23, AUFT
Matthew Shawn Lindholm (Born: Saint Paul, MN / 1978-08-02, CE / 2008-08-02, AUFT) Quantum Age: 16559 (Days) / 45.997222222222 (Years)
Biblical Name: Maria Alessa Lindholm, (Birth Name: Alessa Maria Lindholm, Original Legal Name: Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lundell Lindholm, Born: Los Angeles, California / 1982-07-31, CE / 2012-07-31, AUFT) Quantum Age: 15100 (Days) / 41.944444444444 (Years)
Biblical Name: Gabriel Malcolm Lindholm (Birth Name: Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, Born: Placerville, California / 2003-05-11, CE / 2033-05-11, AUFT) Quantum Age: 7511 (Days) / 20.863888888889 (Years)
Biblical Name: Maya Faith Lindholm (Birth Name: Maya Faith Lindholm, Born: Roseville, California / 2007-05-17, CE / 2037-05-17, AUFT) Quantum Age: 6044 (Days) / 16.788888888889 (Years)
Days Since Year Zero (0000-01-01): 739,254 (Days). Years: 2053.4833333333
Days Matthew & Chelsea Have Been Married: 7560 (Days). / 20.712328767123 (Years) Having Sex About 2 Times A Day, That Is 15120 Times Multiplied By 45-70 Minutes Per Time, Sometimes Up To Six Hours On Special Occasions, That Is At Least 15120 Hours.
Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lindholm, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, & Maya Faith Lindholm (And Our Parents & Relatives) are actively and retroactively withdrawn from all government, military, and non-government projects, recruitment, employment, deployment, and experiments.
Days Since Matthew Shawn Lindholm Has Had Sex or Been With Someone Waiting For His Wife & Kids To Return: 2,458 (Days). Years: 6.8277777777778
Agenda 21 Is A Non-Binding Depopulation Plan Related To Several Other Population Control Plans Meant To Send Portions Of The Population To The Afterlife or Underworld or Spirit World Which Is Withdrawn By The Central Intelligence Agency, Whole Intelligence Agency, And United Nations As A Multilevel Failure That Fails To Acknowledge Total Allocation For Human Life And The Wellfare Of The Population And Economic Systems. This Plan, As Originally Intented Was To Spiritualize Or Otherwise Remove From The Physical Earth The Majority Of The Population According To Long Term Financial Stability And The Ability To Support Themselves And Others. It Would Have Tossed The Middle To Low Income Portion Of The Population Into The Streets, Execute For Dispursal Of Distribution Of Wealth, The 1% Highest Income Bracket, And Led To A Total Extinction Level Event Creating A Multiverse Of Economic Systems Which Effected, Especially Electronic Transaction Records. There Was No Way To Explain Having A Social Services Office In The Spirit World, Because The Spirit World Doesn't Work That Way And Housing And Employment Payments Can't Be Paid or Earned From A False Reality, Spirit Reality, Or Any Variation Thereof Other Than Physical Earth. So, The Entire Depopulation And Population Control (Wrong Word To Use To Begin With) Are Withdrawn. Instead Just About Everyone Gets To Live A Long And Healthy Normal Life Until They Die, Hopefully Of Natural Causes. The Realm Of The Undead And Similar Realms Used To Shift The Population To Remain Banned From Usage. Cohabitation Orders Created By Muslims, Islamics, And Catholics For Spirits To Co-Exist With The Living In Physical Homes As A Place To Put Them Are Also Withdrawn. We're All Physical People Until We Die And Are Buried or Cremated. Contrary To Announcements By Representatives Of The United Nations, Time & Technology Progress Linearly (or Incrementally). The Underworld Organization Often Called The World Of The Dead Or Terminally Ill or Illuminati Is More Like An 'Organ' Of Biological Death Or A 'Mass' Of Graves Representing The Lives Of People That Are In Constant Jeopardy. The Job The United States Government And Several Other Governments Remains To Fight For Their Survival And Protection To Keep Them From Failing, This Is What Public Service Is And Protection Of The Public Is About. The Long Standing War Between The United States And English Government Against The Egyptian Afterlife And Catholic Afterlife Is About Preventing The Deaths Of Their Citizens... The Same Is Imployed Across Most Of Asia And Other Countries. We Only Have So Many People On Earth And Every One Of Them Matters.
Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lindholm, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, And Maya Faith Lindholm Remain The Inventors And Refiners Of Quantum Physics, Fixing Unified Field Theory, Inventing Divided Field Theory, And Inventing Quantum Divided Field Theory.
The Lindholm & Lehman Time And Physics System Remains The Only Working Model Of Quantum Physics & Computing And Remains 100% Under The Authorship of Matthew Shawn Lindholm, Chelsea Lauren Lehman Lindholm, Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm, & Maya Faith Lindholm. Not Even The Greek, Vatican, Asians, Jewish, CIA, NASA, NSA, Nazis, Scientology, Illuminati, England, Luciferians, Satanists, Jesuits, Germans, Russians, United States Government, Or Egyptians Made Use Of These Mathematics And Had No Knowledge Of It. No One Did. There's Not A Single Record In Known Existence Using The Quantum Year Except For Ours.
All Other Derivatives And Variations Of This Time Standard Remain Disabled And Deactivated.
|Malcolm Gabriel Lindholm||Chelsea & Matthew||Maya, Chelsea, & Malcolm||Matthew, Maya, & Malcolm||Chelsea, Maya, & Malcolm|
DOD’s basic research agencies in the individual services the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), the Army QIS and the NSCI Research Office (ARO), and the Office of Naval Research (ONR)—as well as the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) actively support basic and applied research in QIS and related technology with a focus on national security applications such as precision navigation, precision timing, and secure quantum networks. OSD has made 12 Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) awards for QIS-related topics from FY 2011 through FY 2015. These awards provide a higher level of support for a longer period of time than many other government-funded programs, and have been lauded by the research community as a support mechanism that is well-suited to complex, team-based QIS projects. Starting in FY 2016, OSD is supporting a Tri-Service Quantum Science and Engineering Program (QSEP) that will exploit expertise at the Joint Service laboratories to prototype a scalable quantum network, develop and entangle practical quantum memories, and demonstrate a high-sensitivity sensor application across the network. The Army, Air Force, and Naval Research Laboratories also support their own programs related to QIS. Notably, the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) began in FY 2015 a fiveyear collaborative basic research effort connecting ARL, academic, industrial, and other government researchers to develop a multi-site, multi-node, modular quantum network with the long-term objective of identifying and providing beyond-classical capabilities for DOD mission needs. The service agencies also support other efforts such as those of the Laboratory for Physical Sciences (LPS), which collaborates with ARO in the sponsorship and administration of numerous academic quantum computing research projects around the world. LPS is a unique facility at the University of Maryland where university and Federal government personnel collaborate on research in advanced communication and computer technologies, including quantum computing. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has funded and continues to fund programs that target different areas in QIS. The Quantum Assisted Sensing and Readout (QuASAR) program seeks to develop sensors that operate near and below the standard quantum limit; the Quiness program is exploring a variety of approaches to improving quantum communications; the Optical Lattice Emulator (OLE) program aimed to simulate the properties of quantum materials in atomic systems; and the Quantum Entanglement Science and Technology (QuEST) program sought innovative approaches to overcome outstanding challenges in QIS. The recently launched Fundamental Limits of Photon Detection (Detect) program aims to develop innovative approaches enabling revolutionary advances in the modeling and fabrication of photon detectors which could have applications across the QIS field.
Over the past decade, individual DOE laboratories funded by the Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) have taken the initiative to develop expertise in specific areas of QIS, recognizing the increasing relevance of the field to their work to support DOE’s mission. Starting in FY 2017, DOE will support a core program of research to explore the applicability of quantum simulation and computing to scientific questions of interest to DOE. Initially, these efforts will focus on implementing testbeds for use by the research community to explore quantum computations, research in underpinning applied mathematics and computer science, and algorithm development for applications in Office of Science program areas, including Basic Energy Sciences and High Energy Physics. In addition, DOE is working with the scientific community to explore QIS-based approaches to improve quantum materials and structure synthesis, fabrication, characterization, and theory for technologies in physical science experiments conducted in DOE facilities. A workshop on Basic Research Needs in Quantum Materials for Energy Relevant Technology was conducted in February 2016; the report of this workshop is expected to be released in the summer of 2016.
IARPA has recently funded and plans to continue funding programs that target specific advances in quantum computing over the next several years. The Logical Qubits Program3 seeks to overcome the limitations of current multi-qubit systems by building a logical qubit from a number of imperfect physical qubits and the Quantum Enhanced Optimization Program4 seeks to harness quantum effects required to enhance quantum annealing solutions to hard combinatorial optimization problems. IARPA has continued interest in funding research on new computational methods, including algorithms, based on quantum systems whose attributes are matched to an efficient or secure solution of intelligence problems.
NIST’s work in QIS, which began over 20 years ago, grew to its present level through a series of initiatives extending back to 2005. NIST was the first to demonstrate a two-qubit gate (Monroe 1995), has developed some of the world’s most sensitive single photon detectors (Marsili 2013), and has exploited entanglement to make a quantum logic clock (Chou 2010). The current NIST program focuses on metrology in support of quantum communications, quantum computation, and quantum-based measurements. In FY 2016, NIST is supplementing existing resources with new funds to support a thrust in Quantum Based Sensors and Measurements that directly supports Federal efforts in QIS. In FY 2017, NIST plans to increase support for research in quantum computing as part of a larger effort to fulfill NIST’s role in the National Strategic Computing Initiative. NIST also supports two joint centers in QIS research at the University of Maryland (UMD). The Joint Quantum Institute5 (JQI) was established in 2006 through a cooperative effort of NIST, UMD, and the Laboratory for Physical Sciences6 to serve as a world-class research institute through the interchange of ideas among atomic physics, condensed matter, and quantum information scientists. In 2014, the Joint Center for Quantum Information and Computer Science7 (QuICS) was established by NIST and UMD as a complement to JQI, with a focus on how quantum systems can be used to store, transmit, and process information and including strong participation from computer scientists. QuICS and JQI are colocated and interact strongly to train scientists for future industrial and academic opportunities in QIS in addition to performing cutting-edge research.
The NSF has funded decades of basic research in the physical sciences, mathematics, computer science, and engineering that supports the foundations of QIS. In addition, NSF’s Physics Division has for over a decade had a program in 'Quantum Information Science and Revolutionary Computing'8 specifically dedicated to QIS. NSF also funds two QIS-related Physics Frontier Centers. The Institute for Quantum Information and Matter at Caltech9 has been focused on quantum information, quantum matter, quantum optics, and quantum mechanical systems since 2011, and the Physics Frontier Center at the JQI10 has been exploring various means of controlling and processing quantum coherence and entanglement since 2008. The productivity11 of both these centers and the JQI itself demonstrates how progress can be enhanced by bringing together diverse teams and allowing students and early-career researchers to pursue a path defined by research questions rather than institutional boundaries. In recent years, NSF has seen an increasing number of high-quality QIS proposals submitted across the Foundation. NSF has responded by creating new programs and adapting existing programs to better meet the needs of the QIS research community. In FY 2016, NSF’s Engineering Directorate selected 'Advancing Communication Quantum Information Research in Engineering'12 as a new topic for its Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation program, which funds multidisciplinary teams at a higher level than a standard award to pursue paradigm-shifting research. QIS has been added to the list of suggested topical areas13 for NSF’s SBIR/STTR program, and NSF’s Physics Division selected QIS as one of two topics for a special FY 2016 program to promote a collaborative approach and provide workforce training at the postdoctoral level through Focused Research Hubs in Theoretical Physics.14 To further address the challenges associated with funding research that spans boundaries across Divisions and Directorates, NSF has just announced a new metaprogram to begin in FY 2017, Connections in Quantum Information Science.15 The metaprogram will be organized by NSF’s Directorates for Mathematical and Physical Sciences (MPS), Engineering (ENG),and Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) to foster QIS research at the intersection of these three disciplines.